Thursday, May 21, 2020
You are required to address all of the points below. You may include further comments or discussion that is relevant. You must integrate relevant concepts, models, frameworks, theories and/or technical competencies (use in text references) from secondary research and other business disciplines you have studied e.g. Management, to support your discussion. THE TASK: 1. Include a copy of, or produce, an organisational chart of your organisation, showing your role and briefly discuss where your role fits in the organisation. Drawing on relevant theory, comment on the advantages and disadvantages of the structure of your organisation. Sophie (Director) Ricky (Director) Yourim (Manager) Aaron (Chinese Market Manager) Bridget (Accountant) Haotian (IT Part timeÃ¯ ¼â° Zeyu (Office Coordinator) Lena (Manager Assistant) Anthony (Chinese Market Assistant- Part time) Feiyang (Manager Assistant Ã¢â¬â Part time) Mashal (Marketing coordinator -Part time) Generally, I am the manager who can in charge management, marketing and accounting department. As I look after 8 employees, I have one full time and part time staffs to assist my work. In marketing department, Aaron is theShow MoreRelatedAssignment 21196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesConvergence is when the routing tables of all routers are at a state of consistency. A network is not operable until the network has converged 7 Is RIP considered to be a fast or slow converging protocol? Slow converging protocol Ã¢â¬Æ' For the simple 3 router network (Figure 1), fill in the information that would be in each routerÃ¢â¬â¢s routing table once the network has converged (see example in Chapter 4, pages 192-193). Figure 1 Questions 8-22 (15 points Ã¢â¬â first one provided) R1 HQ Read MoreNetw 240 Course Project: Operating System Proposal Essay643 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesNETW 240 Course Project: Operating System Proposal Follow Below Link to Download Tutorial https://homeworklance.com/downloads/netw-240-course-project-operating-system-proposal/ For More Information Visit Our Website ( https://homeworklance.com/ ) Email us At: Support@homeworklance.com or email@example.com Course Project: Operating System Proposal Objectives Back to Top Your company is currently investigating the use of Linux. Your manager has asked you to research theRead MoreNetw 240 Course Project: Operating System Proposal652 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesNETW 240 Course Project: Operating System Proposal Follow Below Link to Download Tutorial https://homeworklance.com/downloads/netw-240-course-project-operating-system-proposal/ For More Information Visit Our Website ( https://homeworklance.com/ ) Email us At: Support@homeworklance.com or firstname.lastname@example.org Course Project: Operating System Proposal Objectives Back to Top Your company is currently investigating the use of Linux. Your manager has asked you to researchRead MoreProject Management The Wedding751 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesallowed if agreed upon by all group members. I suggest you exchange contact information (email, phone number) as soon as your groups are formed. You will need to document group meeting days, times, and team members present. Designate a member of the group (preferably rotate this duty) and email this information to me via the course email. There will be two deliverables for this project: (I need both files) 1) A report using Microsoft Word (details under Report Format below) 2) A Microsoft ProjectRead MoreEssay A General Overview of Peachtree Complete Accounting730 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesrecording business activities for the revenue, expenditure and financing cycles. You should provide at least one detailed example of how one would record a specific accounting transaction/ business activity for each of the three transaction cycles below. Address the following questions in this section of the report. 1. Revenue Cycle (2 pages) Answer the following questions. * How can you create and maintain customers? * How can you create customer invoices? * How can you applyRead MoreA Report On Tester Widget Inc. Performance Management1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe purpose of this document is to establish and institute policies, procedures, and guidelines, delegate authorities and assign responsibilities regarding Tester Widget Inc. performance management. Tester Widget Inc. utilizes the pay-for-performance program. The pay-for-performance program, otherwise known as a pay pool, is one of the latest programs used to find out how to increase workforce motivation, job satisfaction, and production (Ibironke, Adeo, Hungbo, 2011 413-417). The focus of thisRead MoreNew2041115 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNETW204: Assignment 1 (50 points) Each answer is worth 1 point each, 50 questions = 50 total points. Type answers in the appropriate cell; text will automatically wrap. Post your completed assignment to the dropbox. NAME | Manuel Crail | Router Configuration Exercise (5 points) When configuring a router, there are certain basic tasks performed, * Naming the router * Setting passwords * Configuring interfaces * Configuring a banner * Saving changes on a router Read MoreEvaluation Of A Research On Management Education1516 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdelineate terms and meaning.Ã¢â¬ However, this is more work to be done to actualize this intent. The manuscriptÃ¢â¬â¢s weaknesses are in four main areas: 1) argumentation, 2) systematic review methods 3) scope, and 4) implications for practice. Each point is elaborated below and with suggestions for you to consider during your revision. 1. Argumentation: Each reviewer identified concerns related to the overall argument of the paper. These are divided into different dimensions including the main focus, lack ofRead MoreIn A Study By Umpierrez Et Al. (2012), A Task Force Composed1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn a study by Umpierrez et al. (2012), a task force composed of a chair, members of The Endocrine Society, six additional experts and a methodologist, composed clinical practice guidelines for the management of hyperglycemia in hospitalized non-critically ill patients. Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was used to develop and describe the strength of the recommendations and quality of evidence. Consensus was based on group meetings, emails, and conferenceRead MorePersonal Financial764 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswill need to address throughout your financial life cycle. Ã Assignment Requirements: * Using the following prompts, please develop a narrative explaining how you can integrate the content covered in this course into your personal financial plan. * Draft your response in MS Word, using 12-point, Times New-Roman font, double-spaced, 1-inch margins. * Provide a cover page with your name, class, assignment title, and date. * Number all pages. * Provide headings for all topics covered
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Mortality has always been a difficult subject to discuss within the public sphere. People, more often than anything else, fear death so greatly that they avoid this topic all together. Perhaps it is the unknown factor about the afterlife (or lack thereof) that so petrifies people, causing them to distract themselves from a serious debate on the effects of mortality to our earth. Hans Jonas writes in The Burden and Blessing of Mortality about the universal advantage of human mortality and the perceived burdens of it as well. Like Jonas, I will argue that mortality is a beneficial concept in the realm of external issues like preserving our earthÃ¢â¬â¢s resources, and internal issues like existential meaning and motivation. DiametricalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦There is one interesting consequence to the potential execution of this idea, and it deals mainly with psychosis. When itÃ¢â¬â¢s phrased as Ã¢â¬Å"immortalityÃ¢â¬ people see it as a remarkable idea that would reve rse depression and emotional pain. On the contrary, this is likely to bolster elements like this. If we are constantly, figuratively standing still it is going to lead to far greater mental disabilities and issues than the ones we see today. Jonas believes that the concept of defeating death is wrong from the beginning, and it comes from a palpable confusion of what life is. Living and dying are interwoven together, he thinks. Each is a different side to the same procedure. Life reiterates itself as important, but can only do this since it is contested. The whole nature of value enters into the world through living and dying (Jonas, p. 36). Another point outlines how evolution would be impossible without death. Neither component would progress in any way. The process of death plays an inventive role. It celebrates uniqueness and variety, and the greater type of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s subjectivity. Jonas asserts that with dying we allow room for future life. Birth exists because dying exists, and the arrival of fresh life has significant value in itself. It permits us to Ã¢â¬Å"see the world for the first time, see things with new eyes, wonder where others are dulled by habit, and start out from where they had
In today Ã¢â¬Ës society graphics has about turned itself into a famous person icon, with art gross revenues estimated to be over 13 billion per twelvemonth and apart from the drugs trade it is the biggest unregulated market in the universe. Museum civilization has hence had to alter over the old ages. Art museums used to be topographic points were people came to see art, whether it be pictures or sculptures. We will write a custom essay sample on Exploring The Concept And History Of Art Museums Art Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now There are legion museums all over the universe and most major metropoliss will hold a celebrated museum. These museums draw big Numberss of tourers and art partisans to come and see the present and past pieces of art. The architecture of an art museum or gallery, peculiarly a modern art museum is frequently considered to be a work of art every bit much as the contents in the museum. The Guggenheim art museum in Spain is an illustration of an art museum which is famed for its elaborated an unusual architecture. Most art museums specialise in exhibiting a specific type of art, for illustration the Tate Modern in London is an art museum that entirely exhibits modern-day plants of modern art. 2.0 History In the seventeenth century there were no such things as art auctions, rich Godheads or affluent business communities would monetary value each object and invite buyers to come and see the art. This was a slow procedure as it lacked the exhilaration or inducement of today Ã¢â¬Ës auctions. Some of these screenings would last for yearss and in the instance of Duchess of Portland lasted 38 yearss. The bulk of these gross revenues were sold for little net incomes. In 1795 Calonne and Trumbull were the first to accomplish high monetary values for there aggregations and towards the center of the nineteenth century an wholly new strain of aggregators were born ; they were for the most portion work forces who had made big lucks in industry in England and other states. They were untrammelled by Ã¢â¬Å" roll uping Ã¢â¬ traditions, and their investing was about entirely extended to the creative persons of the twenty-four hours. The dispersions of these aggregations began in 1863 with the Bi cknell Gallery, and continued at irregular intervals for many old ages The following large measure in the art universe was in America in the 1970 Ã¢â¬Ës. Robert Skull and His married woman Ethel had acquired a big aggregation of inexpensive art, normally paying 1000-2000 lbs each for a Rauschenberg or a Jasper Johns and they besides purchased James Rosenquist Ã¢â¬Ës f1 11 for 45k. Fig 1: James Rosenquist Ã¢â¬Ës F1 11 ( www.pierretristam.com ) Equally shortly as it was purchased Mr Skull lent it to the metropolitan manager of art in New York. This was a astute move immediately increasing its value of the picture. In the game between museums and aggregators, Mr Skull would shortly keep all the cards. On the 18th October 1973 the Skulls auctioned off 50 pieces from there aggregation. Mr Skull was a really sharp booster, the most written and talked about adult male in art at the clip. The auction was picked by angry creative person whose plants Skull had bought for non really much, including Robert Rauschenberg. The auction was a great success and broke many records in the art universe at that clip. After the Skull auction was over the art universe Ã¢â¬Ës accent shifted from aesthetes to money ; everyone would desire a piece of the action. By the mid 1980s high monetary values made proprietors want to sell there aggregations, auction houses were flooded with expensive pieces. This attracted another new strain of purchaser to the biggest unregulated market in the universe, they viewed art strictly as an investing and monetary values went sky high. The cost of such monetary values was that art became admired non by any critical position but for its monetary value, auction houses were the new butcheries of gustatory sensation, directing some art to inflamed celebrity and this kept on traveling. These monetary values made it difficult to separate what was existent art and what was nÃ¢â¬â¢t. It had a cultural map so that you could nÃ¢â¬â¢t do your ain opinion. The rise in monetary values has affected museum civilization, when the metropolitan museum of art New York bought Aristotle contemplating idea of home run by Rembrandt, all of the rumors and all of the inquiries in the art universe so were inquiring Ã¢â¬Ëis it traveling to be in the national gallery in London or the national gallery Washington? Ã¢â¬Ë . In today Ã¢â¬Ës society when anything of import comes on the market they are sent to private galleries who bid the highest to expose these chef-dÃ¢â¬â¢oeuvres. Fig 2: Aristotle contemplating idea of home run There is no manner a museum can vie ( www.designlessbetter.com ) in today Ã¢â¬Ës market. The art museums of the yesteryear have non given up though. With the aid of mass media, accents on spectacle and the cult of the famous person chef-dÃ¢â¬â¢oeuvre museums have managed to pull the public back in. What has been gained in these new Numberss in the gallery has besides been lost with what they used to stand for. Today the Tate is a now trade name name, the Louvre is a trade name name and so is the Guggenheim. With the spread of these big planetary trade names come the creative persons that feature in them. 3.0 Damien Hirst The current richest life creative person in today Ã¢â¬Ës society is Damien Hirst. He owes most of his success to a big private aggregator called Charles Saatchi. During the 1990 Ã¢â¬Ës Hirst was a outstanding member of the Young British Artists who dominated the art scene in Britain during this clip. After Hirst left college he organized assorted independent exhibitions to which he was introduced to a adult male called Charles Saatchi. Charles Saatchi was a really wealth man of affairs and ran a planetary advertisement bureau with his brother. Mr. Saatchi loved art and helped patronize promising creative persons from the Young British Artists. When Saatchi saw Hirst Ã¢â¬Ës major installing ( A Hundred Years ) consisting of a big glass instance incorporating maggots and flies Fig 3: A Hundred Old ages feeding off a decomposition cows caput he was astonished and so ( www.artnet.com ) bought it. Over the following few old ages Hirst and Saatchi became close friends and in 1991, Ch arles Saatchi offered to fund whatever graphics Hirst wanted to do. The consequence was showcased in 1992 in the first Young British Artists exhibition at the Saatchi Gallery in North London which was besides owned by Mr. Saatchi.The Saatchi Gallery was a topographic point of modern-day art, and therefore the gallery Ã¢â¬Ës shows, had distinguishable stages, get downing with US minimal art exhibitions, so showcased the adult male of the minute Damien Hirst along with the Young British Artists, Fig 4: The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, It was opened in 1985 by ( www.artchive.com ) Mr Saatchi in order to demo his ample aggregation to the populace. The gallery was a major influence on art in Britain during its clip. It has besides had a history of media contention, which it has courted, and has had extremes of critical reaction. Quite a batch of creative persons shown at the gallery are unknown non merely to the general populace but besides to the commercial art world.The rubric to Hirst Ã¢â¬Ës work was The Physical I mpossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, It featured a 14ft shark enclosed in a glass instance and became a symbol British art in the 1990 Ã¢â¬Ës therefore being Hirst Ã¢â¬Ës first major accomplishment. With the aid of Charles Saatchi Hirst was able to go on bring forthing art cognizing at the dorsum of his head his work was to be centre phase at the Saatchi Gallery. Over the following 12 old ages Damien Hirst became a family name as he produced other big decease related plants of art such as. Fig 5: Away from the Flock Fig 6: Mother and Child Divided Fig 7: Hymn Fig 8: Oops brown painting In April 2003, the Saatchi Gallery opened at new premises in London, with a show that included a Hirst retrospective. This brought an ever-growing strain in his relationship with Saatchi to a caput. Hirst disassociated himself from the retrospective to the extent that he has neÃ¢â¬â¢er put it on his CV. Hirst said Saatchi was Ã¢â¬Å" infantile Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å" I Ã¢â¬Ëm non Charles Saatchi Ã¢â¬Ës barrel-organ monkeyÃ¢â¬ ¦ He merely recognises art with his billfoldÃ¢â¬ ¦ he believes he can impact art values with purchasing power, and he still believes he can make it. Ã¢â¬ ( hypertext transfer protocol: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saatchi_Gallery ) Shortly after this the brace had one more show together in the White Cube Gallery, London so went there separate ways. Today Damien Hirst is the universe Ã¢â¬Ës richest life creative person ; he still continues to bring forth graphics and has had exhibitions all over the universe. His latest creative activity is called Ã¢â¬ËLove of God Ã¢â¬Ë . It was exhibited in the White Cube gallery, London and was a human skull recreated in Pt and covered with over eight 1000s diamonds and is estimated to of cost Hirst 15 million Fig 10: Love of God ( www.artnet.com ) pounds to do. The asking monetary value for the piece was 50 million lbs ; although the piece did nÃ¢â¬â¢t sell outright it was bought by a pool that included Hirst himself and his gallery the White Cube. In November 2008, Hirst exhibited the diamond skull at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, despite public contention. The skull was exhibited following to pictures from the aggregation of the museum that were selected and curated by Hirst. The museum manager, there was nÃ¢â¬â¢t controversy nevertheless to demo the skull in the historic museum among the board members. Throughout Hirst art calling he physically doing all his early work, but from his rise celebrity and to day of the month he has ever used helpers. The sum of work he produces mean he needs a mill apparatus like Andy Warhol used to utilize in the 1970 Ã¢â¬Ës when he founded Ã¢â¬ËThe Factory Ã¢â¬Ë . It was an art studio, were he employed art workers to mass green goods prints and postings. This method of bring forthing art has led inquiries about Hirst Ã¢â¬Ës genuineness, and in 1997 a picture that Hirst said was a Ã¢â¬Å" counterfeit Ã¢â¬ appeared at sale, although he had antecedently said that he frequently had nil to make with the creative activity of these pieces. Ã¢â¬Å" Hirst said that he had merely painted five topographic point pictures himself because, Ã¢â¬Å" I could nÃ¢â¬â¢t be sleep togethering arsed making it Ã¢â¬ ; he described his efforts as Ã¢â¬Å" crap Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ They Ã¢â¬Ëre shit compared toÃ¢â¬ ¦ the best individual who of all time painted musca volitanss for me was Rachel She Ã¢â¬Ës superb. Absolutely sleep togethering brilliant. The best topographic point painting you can hold by me is one painted by Rachel. Ã¢â¬ There is another narrative of a picture helper who was go forthing and asked for one of his pictures. Hirst told her to, Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Ëmake one of your ain. Ã¢â¬Ë And she said, Ã¢â¬ËNo, I want one of yours. Ã¢â¬Ë But the lone difference, between one painted by her and one of mine, is the money. Ã¢â¬Å" ( Hirst, Damien and Burn, Gordon ( 2001 ) . On the Way to Work. Faber ) With art at head of concern and civilization in today Ã¢â¬Ës society Museums have been forced to demo a new face lift image to pull the public back into its doors, while little galleries and auction houses have become the new genteelness evidences for up and coming creative person of tomorrow. The Architecture of these edifices themselves has besides had to alter. The White Cube Gallery in St.James Ã¢â¬Ës London, the Guggenheim in New York which was renowned as one of the architectural icons of the twentieth century are both really good illustrations of alteration. 4.0 The White Cube The White Cube branded gallery, known most normally in the universe for its modern-day commercial art, is place to creative persons like Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin and many other internationally celebrated creative persons including members from the Young British Artists which is how it achieved its repute by giving one individual shows. Its most recent gallery opened in 2006 in St.James Ã¢â¬Ës Street and was designed by MRJ Rundell A ; Associates. It was the first free standing edifice in the country and he provides 5000 ftA? exhibition infinite. The gallery is a crisp-edged box and stands out from the edifices around it, Harmonizing to the Architects the edifice was designed to esteem the cardinal qualities of discretion and modesty of the St James Ã¢â¬Ës country. Fig 11: White Cube Gallery ( www.cosmur.co.uk ) 5.0 The Guggenheim The Guggenheim of New York was the first art museum edifice to be designed to retroflex a piece of art. Designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in the late 1950 Ã¢â¬Ës it was a disclosure to the architecture universe. It is a edifice that has become every bit celebrated as the art aggregation it displays. The Guggenheim dances gracefully between Fig 12: Guggenheim New York ( www.gallery.egyptsons.com ) architecture and sculpture. Since the gap of the Guggenheim New York the Guggenheim trade name has opened another three galleries in Venice, Berlin and Bilbao. The gallery in Bilbao was opened in 1997 and was designed by Frank Gehry. It is a dramatic construction with its swirling signifiers and its frontage of Ti, glass, and limestone.The curves on the edifice were designed to look random. Using computing machine plans to assist plan the edifice Ã¢â¬Ës construction it made it executable to construct forms that architects off earlier old ages would hold found impossible to build. Fig 13: Guggenheim Bilbao ( www.artknowledgenews.com ) With modern museums and galleries going more similar pieces of art, the following coevals of art galleries in my sentiment will be like fantasy islands pulling people non for the art but for the experience. The Guggenheim is constructing a new Gallery in Abu Dhabi which will be the largest Guggenheim in the universe with a floor infinite of 450,000 ftA? . The Guggenheim Abu Dhabi joins other taking international civilization establishments including the universe celebrated museum trade name the Louvre, in the unprecedented creative activity of a vivacious civilization finish for visitants from around the universe. 6.0 Decision The art universe attractively copies our money driven, famous person obsessed amusement civilization, same arrested development on celebrity, same obeisance to mass media that grabs our attending with its noise and waver. Art should do us experience more clearly, more intelligently, it should give us consistent esthesiss that which otherwise we would non hold had, that is what market civilization is killing. In the 1960 Ã¢â¬Ës art was a manner of doing money, started as a drip and turned into a stampede. If art does nÃ¢â¬â¢t state us about the universe we live in so I do nÃ¢â¬â¢t believe there is much point in holding it. How to cite Exploring The Concept And History Of Art Museums Art Essay, Essay examples
Saturday, April 25, 2020
One of the foremost features of realist editing in cinema is directorsÃ¢â¬â¢ utilization of particularly long takes, which are meant to ensure the spatio-temporal unity of the explored themes and motifs.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on What does Hou Hsiao-Hsien achieve through the use of the long takes in the film? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Apparently, by choosing in favor of long takes, as the integral element of realist moviesÃ¢â¬â¢ spatio-temporal structure, directors are able to achieve a number of aesthetic objectives, such as ensuring the plausibility of moviesÃ¢â¬â¢ semantic content, providing viewers with the in-depth insight into the workings of charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ psyche, and allowing viewers to gain a better understanding of the explored themes and motifsÃ¢â¬â¢ significance. Moreover, according to Bazin, viewersÃ¢â¬â¢ exposure to the realistically edited movies, which feature an abundan ce of long takes, helps them to address their innermost psychological anxieties, concerned with viewersÃ¢â¬â¢ strive to preserve the spatial three-dimensionality of existence.1 As it was noted by Nitzan, Ã¢â¬ËThe long deep-focused take, enhancing Ã¢â¬ ¦ three-dimensionality of objects shot in close-upÃ¢â¬ ¦ satisfies spectatorsÃ¢â¬â¢ craving for the mummification of being while positioning them in such a way that they could aesthetically experience the flowing passage of objective timeÃ¢â¬â¢2 In this paper, I will aim to explore the validity of an earlier suggestion at length, while analyzing what appears to be the significance of utilization of long takes in HouÃ¢â¬â¢s 2001 film Millennium mambo. The foremost aspect of how Hou went about providing the in-depth portrayal of filmÃ¢â¬â¢s characters is the fact that, in Millennium mambo he refrained from emphasizing these charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ singled-out psychological traits, while allowing viewers the liberty of interpreti ng them on their own, within the context of how the characters are being shown in the process of tackling lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s challenges. In its turn, this endows Millennium mambo with the spirit of intellectual honesty. After all, unlike what it is being the case with formalist/expressionist directors, in this particular movie Hou had made a point in treating audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s members as such that are being fully capable of defining the semiotic significance of filmÃ¢â¬â¢s themes and motifs, without a director needing to actively Ã¢â¬ËassistÃ¢â¬â¢ them, in this respect. In its turn, this leaves very little doubt as to the fact that the specifics of Hou filmÃ¢â¬â¢s editing are indeed being consistent with BazinÃ¢â¬â¢s idea as to what accounts for the extent of a particular cinematographic workÃ¢â¬â¢s spatio-temporal unity, which according to this French movie-critic is being reflective of the extent of directorÃ¢â¬â¢s willingness to treat viewers as Ã¢â¬Ëexistential sovere ignsÃ¢â¬â¢, fully capable of relying on their own sense of rationale, when it comes to defining the essentials of filmÃ¢â¬â¢s aesthetic/semiotic appeal.Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This, of course, reveals Hou as a devotee of realist editing, concerned with the absence of Ã¢â¬Ëexpressionist tricksÃ¢â¬â¢, such as back-in-time flashbacks, the presence of abstractionist close-ups, and the deliberately undermined integrity of filmÃ¢â¬â¢s temporal spatiality. As Totaro pointed it out, Ã¢â¬ËExpressive editing invents meaning through juxtaposition of the imagesÃ¢â¬ ¦This is trickery; it removes the freedom on the part of the spectatorÃ¢â¬ ¦ If the scene has only one simple meaning why insult the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s intelligence with needless and obvious close-ups? Contrarily, if the scene is complex why presuppose only one meaning?Ã¢â¬â¢3 Nevertheless, even though ther e are no traces of expressionist editing in Millennium mambo, in this film Huo did succeed with revealing the whole scope of charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ psychological traits Ã¢â¬â mainly, by the mean of ensuring the spatio-temporal soundness of charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Ëin-actionÃ¢â¬â¢ representation. For example, the beginning of the movie features a rather prolonged take of Vicky walking down the sidewalk (00.02.06 Ã¢â¬â 00.04.37). Yet, despite the fact that this take is not being formally concerned with directorÃ¢â¬â¢s intention to provide viewers with the better understanding of Vicky, as a character, by being exposed to the earlier mentioned scene spectators do in fact gain a certain insight into VickyÃ¢â¬â¢s psychological constitution. The reason for this is simple Ã¢â¬â the manner in which Vicky walks (with the cigarette in her hand) implies her being a rather spontaneous person, who take life as it comes, while trying to enjoy it to the best of her ability. The watchin g of movieÃ¢â¬â¢s consequential parts does confirm the soundness of the initial insight into the essence of VickyÃ¢â¬â¢s existential mode, provided by this particular scene. After all, throughout movieÃ¢â¬â¢s entirety, Vicky never ceases to position herself as an easy-going individual, who is being quick enough to forgive her boyfriendÃ¢â¬â¢s (Hao-Hao) verbal and physical abuses. As it was mentioned earlier, the realist editing, closely associated with directorsÃ¢â¬â¢ willingness to utilize long takes, often results in endowing realistic movies with the spirit of perceptional authenticity/genuineness. The reason for this is apparent Ã¢â¬â by representing charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ act in a spatially prolonged manner, directors encourage viewers to draw parallels between the Ã¢â¬Ëcinematographic realityÃ¢â¬â¢ on the screen and the reality of their every-day living.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on What does Hou Hsiao-Hsien achieve through the use of the long takes in the film? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Given the fact that the reality of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s every-day living often appears rather unsightly, in aesthetical sense of this word, it does not come as a particular surprise that many of realistically edited moviesÃ¢â¬â¢ long takes represent reality Ã¢â¬Ëas it isÃ¢â¬â¢, even if such realityÃ¢â¬â¢s cinematographic representation appears to be detached from movieÃ¢â¬â¢s main idea. The scene, in which Vicky and her friends socialize in the bar (00.04.49-00.10.07), illustrates the legitimacy of an earlier suggestion. After all, the main feature of this scene is that the conversations, which take place between the partying individuals, do overlap to the point of being unintelligible to the viewers. This, however, does not lessen sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s cinematographic appeal because, by being exposed to this particular take, viewers do get the genuine sensation of how they would feel, had they found themselves among the partying young people. Just as it is being the case in Orson WellesÃ¢â¬â¢s film Citizen Kane, which contains a number of spatially prolonged scenes, in which charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ conversations can hardly be heard, due to the loudly played music in the background, the Ã¢â¬Ëbar sceneÃ¢â¬â¢ in Millennium mambo cannot be referred to as being particularly appealing, if assessed through the lenses of classical editing-methodology. As Martin suggested, Ã¢â¬ËHou films his dinner-table or restaurant scenes (and bar scenes, we may add) with a kind of maximum suppression of expository, explanatory information, and by the same token a maximum openness to all the instant possibilities of interrelation, of reshuffling of intersubjective identitiesÃ¢â¬â¢.4 Yet, when analyzed within the context of what represents this filmÃ¢â¬â¢s overall semiotic significance, the spatially prolonged take of Vicky and her friends being shown in the bar appears in dispensible, as it does provide audiences with a comprehensible insight into charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ positioning in life. Moreover, viewersÃ¢â¬â¢ exposure to this particular take does convince them (on unconscious level) that, unlike what it is being often the case with expressionist directors, the ideologically-charged manipulation with the specifics of their psycheÃ¢â¬â¢s functioning never accounted for HouÃ¢â¬â¢s subtle agenda.Advertising Looking for essay on art and design? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the earlier mentioned take, director had left it for the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s members to define their own attitude to what they get to see on the screen Ã¢â¬â those who are being no strangers to socializing in the bar will be most likely to find the spirit, emanated by this take, appealing. Alternatively, moralistically minded viewers will be most likely to find the Ã¢â¬Ëbar sceneÃ¢â¬â¢ as an implicit proof of charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ moral depravity. However, the earlier outlined different categories of viewers will still find the Ã¢â¬Ëbar sceneÃ¢â¬â¢ representationally honest. Apparently, Hou never ceased being aware of the foremost principle of realist editing, which presupposes the full appropriateness of cinematographic representation of reality proper. As it was noted by Wilson, Ã¢â¬ËThere is no reason why film presentation should not reflect certain aspects of the normal perceptual position. This alternative style would respect the complexity of the purely spatio-tempo ral integration of a field of action while being willing to leave, e.g., the psychological and causal integration of the action less articulatedÃ¢â¬â¢.5 In Millennium mambo, the Ã¢â¬Ëactual realityÃ¢â¬â¢ appears to be the focal point of directorÃ¢â¬â¢s attention Ã¢â¬â in full accordance with WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s suggestion. The soundness of this suggestion can also be illustrated in regards to the filmÃ¢â¬â¢s scene in which Vicky comes homes, undresses, spends some time in the shower, lights up a cigarette and ends up being annoyed by Hao-HaoÃ¢â¬â¢s trying to have sex with her (00.10.54-00.16.25). The whole earlier mentioned plotÃ¢â¬â¢s developments take place in a clearly consequential manner, with no montage cutting being applied, whatsoever. Moreover, while shooting this particular take, Hou had made a point in applying the Ã¢â¬Ëperceptually deepÃ¢â¬â¢ shooting-technique, made possible by directorÃ¢â¬â¢s choosing in favor of using the camera with deep-focus lens es. In its turn, this allowed Hou to provide a clearly defined aura of three-dimensionality to the scene Ã¢â¬â even though that for duration of this scene, Hao-Hao mostly remains in VickyÃ¢â¬â¢s background (in another room), viewers get to perceive him in a manner as if they happened to be physically present in VickyÃ¢â¬â¢s apartment. This, of course, does add to the extent of takeÃ¢â¬â¢s authenticity rather immensely. The same can be said about this sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s sheer duration (6 minutes), which emphasizes the spatial particulars of a continually deteriorating relationship between Vicky and Hao-Hao. After all, as it appears from Millennium mambo, there were no many objective reasons for both characters to decide in favor of breaking up with each other for good (this is why the off-screen narrator tells that it has never taken too long for Vicky and Hao-Hao to reconcile, after having had a particular break-up). Yet, it also appears that the idea of breaking up with each o ther never ceased affecting both charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ existential modes. The reason for this is simple Ã¢â¬â just as it is being shown in the earlier mentioned take, both: Vicky and Hao-Hao continued to co-exist in the state of an extreme psychological tension. And, it was namely by exposing viewers to the long take of Vicky and Hao-Hao dealing with their mutual annoyance of each other that the director was able to provide watching audiences with the clue as to where this tension had originated out of, in the first place. There can be little doubt as to the fact that, had Hou resorted to the classical or the expressionist editing-methodology, while striving to reveal the hidden roots of psychological incompatibility between Vicky and Hao-Hao, he would not be able to achieve the same effect. The reason for this is quite apparent Ã¢â¬â it is only when the essence of a relationship between both characters is being revealed to the viewers in a spatially plausible manner, that they c an grasp what amounted to the objective preconditions for this relationship to begin deteriorating. A good illustration to the legitimacy of an earlier statement can also serve the long-take scene in which Hao-Hao begins to grub in VickyÃ¢â¬â¢s wallet and finds a long-distance calling bill, which in turn causes him to suspect her of having some affair on a side (00.33.15-00.37.38). Even though that, throughout this sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s entirety, Hao-Hao continues to act as nothing short of a mentally deranged individual, viewers do not find Hao-HaoÃ¢â¬â¢s act as being utterly implausible, simply because sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s spatio-temporal unity does help to accurately portray the subtleties of a process of an individual becoming gradually filled with the irrational anger. The foremost aspect of this process can be defined within what represents the conceptual framework of cause-effect dialectics, when one thing leads to another. After having found a long-distance calling bill in VickyÃ¢â¬ â¢s wallet, Hao-Hao begins to grow ever more suspectful of his girlfriend Ã¢â¬â yet, there is a whole spectrum of emotions to this process. As it can be seen in this particular scene, Hao-Hao does try to prevent his irrational anger from taking over his rational being. However, at the sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s conclusion, he fails at that rather miserably, while becoming enraged to the point of being ready to hit Vicky with his fist. The conversation that takes place between the two characters, heard in the scene, is helping to facilitate the extent of sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s authenticity even further, Ã¢â¬ËHao-Hao: Who were you calling? Vicky: I told you, I called home! Hao-Hao: Who did you call? Vicky: I said, I called homeÃ¢â¬ ¦ Hao-Hao: YouÃ¢â¬â¢d better not be lyingÃ¢â¬ ¦Vicky: Crazy! Why would I lie to you? Hao-Hao: IÃ¢â¬â¢ll fucking beat you, you knowÃ¢â¬â¢ (00.35.48). It is needless to mention, of course, that HouÃ¢â¬â¢s utilization of a continuous take (in this scene) was diale ctically predetermined, as it was the main contributing factor to ensuring sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s spatio-temporal unity Ã¢â¬â hence, the heightened measure of this sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s overall semiotic credibility. Nevertheless, it would be quite inappropriate to refer to HouÃ¢â¬â¢s tendency to take advantage of long takes in Millennium mambo as such that is being solely concerned with directorÃ¢â¬â¢s strive to emphasize the spatial realness of the explored themes and motifs. It appears that, by having an abundance of long takes in this particular movie, Hou also aimed to highlight the metaphysical significance of a theme of existential alienation, which is being integrally interwoven into plotÃ¢â¬â¢s very unraveling. There is a memorable scene in the movie, formatted as a single take, when Vicky is being shown sitting in front of the window, with viewers being exposed to the sight of passing trains outside (01.33.36 Ã¢â¬â 01.35.30). While referring to the significance of this particu lar scene, Hasumi states, Ã¢â¬â¢All that is visible is a constant stream of trains passing back and forth outside the window by which she (Vicky) stands. Nothing tells her where he has gone. All she can grasp for in this foreign city is the absent shadow of his (JackÃ¢â¬â¢s) treasured presence, but it has vanished into the distanceÃ¢â¬â¢.6 It is understood, of course, that just as it is being the case with the earlier discussed movieÃ¢â¬â¢s scenes that feature a clearly defined spatio-temporal integrity, this particular one does help viewers to gain a better insight into VickyÃ¢â¬â¢s state of mind. This, however, is not only the sceneÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose. Apparently, while focusing camera on hotelÃ¢â¬â¢s window, so that viewers would get to see passing-by trains, Hou wanted to emphasize that the very passage of time results in Ã¢â¬ËobjectualizationÃ¢â¬â¢ of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s subjective desires and anxieties. Hence, tragic undertones to this particular scene Ã¢â¬â the p assage of time remains irrespective of how people position themselves within the realityÃ¢â¬â¢s spatial framework. Therefore, it will only be logical to assume that there is also a symbolical quality to how Hou went about incorporating long takes in Millennium mambo. The validity of this suggestion can be illustrated in regards to the movieÃ¢â¬â¢s final scene, which features a prolonged take of YubariÃ¢â¬â¢s snowy street (01.38.36 Ã¢â¬â 01.39.42). Even though that there is no cinematographic action can be seen in this particular scene, it does convey the idea that the very subtleties of timeÃ¢â¬â¢s passing naturally predispose people to continually revise their emotionally-charged attitudes towards the surrounding reality. In its turn, this idea correlates with the spirit of spontaneity, emanated by HouÃ¢â¬â¢s film. The fact that HouÃ¢â¬â¢s movie Millennium mambo appears to be extremely realistic may very well have to do with the particulars of directorÃ¢â¬â¢s ethno -cultural affiliation. After all, Confucian (Apollonian) tradition does encourage its affiliates to reflect upon realityÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËvanishingÃ¢â¬â¢ emanations, as opposed to be contemplating upon how these emanations reveal the essence of some fixed Ã¢â¬ËmetaphysicalÃ¢â¬â¢ reality, as it is being the case with Christian (Faustian) tradition, for example. Nevertheless, it would be much more appropriate to discus HouÃ¢â¬â¢s cinematographic realism as such that is being reflective of his endowment of intellectual honesty and of his innate dislike of artificially sophisticate pretentiousness (the foremost feature of avant-gardist/formalist movies). In Millennium mambo, Hou positioned himself as an individual who firmly believes that, regardless of what accounts for the ethical undertones of objective realityÃ¢â¬â¢s manifestations, these manifestations represent the aesthetic value of Ã¢â¬Ëthing in itselfÃ¢â¬â¢. Such HouÃ¢â¬â¢s cinematographic positioning, of course, is being fully consistent with BazinÃ¢â¬â¢s belief that the actual purpose of a cinematographic art is to help people to realize the full extent of realityÃ¢â¬â¢s aesthetic beauty Ã¢â¬Ëas it isÃ¢â¬â¢, without depriving this reality of its spatio-temporal unity, Ã¢â¬ËA film formÃ¢â¬ ¦ permits everything to be said without chopping the world up into little fragments that would reveal the hidden meanings in people and thingsÃ¢â¬ ¦ without disturbing the unity natural to themÃ¢â¬â¢.7 Thus, it would only be logical, on my part, to conclude this paper by reinstating once again that it is namely the fact that in Millennium mambo, Hou succeeded rather marvelously in ensuring a spatial integrity of the explored themes and motifs, which accounts for this movieÃ¢â¬â¢s foremost aesthetic value. I believe that this conclusion is being fully consistent with paperÃ¢â¬â¢s initial thesis. Moreover, I believe that is namely the realist methodology of film editing, which will be inc reasingly resorted to by movie-directors in the future. The fact that, as of today, the genre of Ã¢â¬Ëauteur filmÃ¢â¬â¢ (associated with directorsÃ¢â¬â¢ utilization of the expressionist editing-methodology) continues to fall out of favor with the majority of moviegoers, leaves very little doubt as to the full validity of this suggestion. Reference List Adrian, M, Ã¢â¬ËWhatÃ¢â¬â¢s happening? Story, scene and sound in Hou Hsiao-HsienÃ¢â¬â¢,Ã Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, 2008, pp. 258-270. Bazin, A, Ã¢â¬ËThe evolution of the language of cinemaÃ¢â¬â¢, in What is cinema?, University of California Press, Berkley,1967, pp. 23-40. Hasumi, S, Ã¢â¬ËThe eloquence of the taciturn: An essay on Hou Hsiao-HsienÃ¢â¬â¢, Inter Ã¢â¬âÃ Asia Cultural Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, 2008, pp. 184-194.Ã Millenium mambo, [film], Palm Pictures, New York/Taipei, 2001. Nitzan, B, Film: The key concepts, Berg Publishers, Oxford GBR, 2007. Totaro, D, Ã¢â¬ËAndrÃ © Bazin: Pa rt 1, Film style theory in its historical contextÃ¢â¬â¢, OffÃ Screen, 2003, retrieved https://offscreen.com/view/bazin4 Wilson, G, Ã¢â¬ËFilm, perception, and point of viewÃ¢â¬â¢, MLN, vol. 91, no. 5, 1976, pp. 1026-1043. Footnotes 1 A Bazin Ã¢â¬ËThe evolution of the language of cinemaÃ¢â¬â¢, in What is cinema?, University of California Press, Berkley,1968, p. 36. 2 B Nitzan, Film: The key concepts, Berg Publishers, Oxford GBR, 2007, p. 13. 3 D Totaro, Ã¢â¬ËAndrÃ © Bazin: Part 1, Film style theory in its historical contextÃ¢â¬â¢, Off Screen, 2003. 4 M Adrian, Ã¢â¬ËWhatÃ¢â¬â¢s happening? Story, scene and sound in Hou Hsiao-HsienÃ¢â¬â¢, Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, 2008, p. 263. 5 G Wilson, Ã¢â¬ËFilm, perception, and point of viewÃ¢â¬â¢, MLN, vol. 91, no. 5, 1976, p. 1031. 6S, Hasumi, Ã¢â¬ËThe eloquence of the taciturn: An essay on Hou Hsiao-HsienÃ¢â¬â¢, Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, vol. 9, no. 2, 2008, p. 192. 7 Bazin, p. 38. This essay on What does Hou Hsiao-Hsien achieve through the use of the long takes in the film? was written and submitted by user Alfonso Burch to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
WHAT IS THE LSAT? The LSAT or Law School Admissions Test is your ticket into law school. All students applying to ABA-approved law schools are required to take the LSAT. ABA or American Bar association-approved law schools make sure that law schools meet certain criteria in their courses.(Wright 42) Law schools use this test to measure a law school candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to read and comprehend abstract material. Joanna Grossman had this to say about the LSAT, Ã¢â¬Å"Frankly, it was a cruel individual who devised this mode of assessment.Ã¢â¬ (1) What makes this test so difficult is the fact that it does not test your knowledge in a subject like the ACT or SAT. It is a thought process that you must learn and study in order to be successful on the LSAT and in law school. HOW IS THE LSAT FORMATTED? Tom Martinson comprised the LSAT with 6 different sections that look like this: SECTION NUMBER OF QUESTIONS TIME ALLOWED Logical Reasoning 1 24-26 35 min. Reading Comprehension 27-28 35 min. Analytical Reasoning 24-25 35 min. Logical Reasoning 2 24-26 35 min. Experimental 35 min. Writing Sample Essay 30 min. Note: The order of the section varies from administration to administration, and the Experimental section is not necessarily the last is not necessarily the last section of multiple choice questions. LOGICAL REASONING Logical reasoning questions make up about half of the test question that you will find on this exam. This is great, because I find that these questions are the easiest to master. What do we mean when we say logical reasoning? LetÃ¢â¬â¢s analyze each part of this, according to WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of logical which means, Ã¢â¬Å"Displaying consistency in reasoning,Ã¢â¬ and reasoning which is, Ã¢â¬Å"to form conclusions, judgments, or inferences.Ã¢â¬ (Page #)In this section you will be asked to drawl a conclusion based on an argument or explanation in a short passage and provide the best possible solution. I should place emph... Free Essays on Law School Admissions Free Essays on Law School Admissions WHAT IS THE LSAT? The LSAT or Law School Admissions Test is your ticket into law school. All students applying to ABA-approved law schools are required to take the LSAT. ABA or American Bar association-approved law schools make sure that law schools meet certain criteria in their courses.(Wright 42) Law schools use this test to measure a law school candidateÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to read and comprehend abstract material. Joanna Grossman had this to say about the LSAT, Ã¢â¬Å"Frankly, it was a cruel individual who devised this mode of assessment.Ã¢â¬ (1) What makes this test so difficult is the fact that it does not test your knowledge in a subject like the ACT or SAT. It is a thought process that you must learn and study in order to be successful on the LSAT and in law school. HOW IS THE LSAT FORMATTED? Tom Martinson comprised the LSAT with 6 different sections that look like this: SECTION NUMBER OF QUESTIONS TIME ALLOWED Logical Reasoning 1 24-26 35 min. Reading Comprehension 27-28 35 min. Analytical Reasoning 24-25 35 min. Logical Reasoning 2 24-26 35 min. Experimental 35 min. Writing Sample Essay 30 min. Note: The order of the section varies from administration to administration, and the Experimental section is not necessarily the last is not necessarily the last section of multiple choice questions. LOGICAL REASONING Logical reasoning questions make up about half of the test question that you will find on this exam. This is great, because I find that these questions are the easiest to master. What do we mean when we say logical reasoning? LetÃ¢â¬â¢s analyze each part of this, according to WebsterÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of logical which means, Ã¢â¬Å"Displaying consistency in reasoning,Ã¢â¬ and reasoning which is, Ã¢â¬Å"to form conclusions, judgments, or inferences.Ã¢â¬ (Page #)In this section you will be asked to drawl a conclusion based on an argument or explanation in a short passage and provide the best possible solution. I should place emph...
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Managing Ascii (Text) Files From Delphi Code Simply put, text files contain readable ASCII characters. We can think of working with a text file in Delphi as analogous to playing or recording information on a VCR tape. Although it is possible to make changes to a text file, jump around when processing information or add some data to the file other than at the end, it is advisable to use a text file only when we know that we are working with ordinary text and no such operations are necessary. Text files are considered to represent a sequence of characters formatted into lines, where each line is terminated by an end-of-line marker (a CR/LF combination). The TextFile and the Assign Method To start working with text files you have to link a file on a disk to a file variable in your code - declare a variable of type TextFile and use the AssignFile procedure to associate a file on a disk with a file variable. var Ã SomeTxtFile : TextFile; begin Ã AssignFile(SomeTxtFile, FileName) Reading information From a Text File If we want to read back the content of a file into a string list, just one line of code will do the job. Memo1.Lines.LoadFromFile(c:\autoexec.bat) To read information from a file line by line, we must open the file for input by using the Reset procedure. Once a file is reset, we can use ReadLn to read information from a file (reads one line of text from a file then moves to the next line) : var Ã SomeTxtFile : TextFile; Ã buffer : string;begin Ã AssignFile(SomeTxtFile, c:\autoexec.bat) ; Ã Reset(SomeTxtFile) ; Ã ReadLn(SomeTxtFile, buffer) ; Ã Memo1.Lines.Add(buffer) ; Ã CloseFile(SomeTxtFile) ; end; After adding one line of text from a file to a memo component SomeTxtFile needs to be closed. This is done by the Close keyword. We can also use Read procedure to read information from a file. Read works just like ReadLn, except it does not move the pointer to the next line. var Ã SomeTxtFile : TextFile; Ã buf1,buf2 : string; begin Ã AssignFile(SomeTxtFile, c:\autoexec.bat) ; Ã Reset(SomeTxtFile) ; Ã ReadLn(SomeTxtFile, buf1,buf2) ; Ã ShowMessage(buf1 buf2) ; Ã CloseFile(SomeTxtFile) ; end; EOF - End Of File Use the EOF function to make sure that you are not trying to read beyond the end of the file. Lets say we want to display the content of the file in message boxes - one line at a time until we get to the end of a file: var Ã SomeTxtFile : TextFile; Ã buffer : string;begin Ã AssignFile(SomeTxtFile, c:\autoexec.bat) ; Ã Reset(SomeTxtFile) ; Ã while not EOF(SomeTxtFile) do Ã begin Ã Ã ReadLn(SomeTxtFile, buffer) ; Ã Ã ShowMessage(buffer) ; Ã end;Ã CloseFile(SomeTxtFile) ;end; Note: It is better to use While loop than the Until loop to take into account the (unlikely) possibility that the file exists but does not contain any data. Writing Text to a File The WriteLn is probably the most common way to send individual pieces of information to a file. The following code will read a text from a Memo1 component (line by line) and send it to some newly created text file. var Ã SomeTxtFile : TextFile; Ã j: integer; begin Ã AssignFile(SomeTxtFile, c:\MyTextFile.txt) ; Ã Rewrite(SomeTxtFile) ; Ã for j : 0 to (-1 Memo1.Lines.Count) do Ã Ã Ã WriteLn(SomeTxtFile, Memo1.Lines[j]) ; Ã CloseFile(SomeTxtFile) ; end; Depending on the state of the file provided to the Rewrite procedure it creates a new file (opens the file for output) with the name assigned to SomeTextFile. If a file with the same name already exists it is deleted and a new empty file is created in its place. If SomeTextFile is already open, it is first closed and then re-created. The current file position is set to the beginning of the empty file. Note: Memo1.Lines.SaveToFile(c:\MyTextFile.txt) will do the same. Sometimes well just need to add some text data to the end of an existing file. If this is the case, well call Append to ensure that a file is opened with write-only access with the file pointer positioned at the end of the file. Something like: var Ã SomeTxtFile : TextFile; begin Ã AssignFile(SomeTxtFile, c:\MyTextFile.txt) ; Ã Append(SomeTxtFile) ; Ã WriteLn(SomeTxtFile, New line in my text file) ;Ã CloseFile(SomeTxtFile) ;end; Be Aware of Exceptions In general, you should always use exception handling when working with files. I/O is full of surprises. Always use CloseFile in a finally block to avoid the possibility of corrupting a users FAT. All the previous examples should be rewritten as follows: var Ã SomeTxtFile : TextFile; Ã buffer : string; begin Ã AssignFile(SomeTxtFile, c:\MyTextFile.txt) ; Ã try Ã Ã Reset(SomeTxtFile) ; Ã Ã ReadLn(SomeTxtFile, buffer) ; Ã finally Ã Ã CloseFile(SomeTxtFile) ; Ã end;end; Manipulating With Structured Files Delphi has the ability to handle both ASCII files and files that hold binary data. Here are the techniques for working with typed and untyped (binary) files.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Project proposal - Essay Example act is pertaining to the internal control assessment & accountability the management of the organization whereby the company is required to submit an internal control evaluation report pertaining to the procedures of financial reporting. In the modern context most of the organizations possess IT enabled Business & Financial Control systems and hence internal controls are largely related to IT governance. IT Governance is gradually forming deep roots into the corporate governance of businesses globally and hence best practices of IT Management like ITIL & COBIT are gaining popularity very rapidly across the world. In fact many organizations are now looking forward to implement integrated frameworks comprising of practices recommended by ITIL, COBIT and ISO 27001. The research proposal presented herewith is targeted to evaluate the feasibility, strengths & weaknesses of COBIT framework when deployed as an Internal Auditing System for IT Governance as a part of the overall Corporate Gov ernance system of an organization. [Findlaw.com. 2002] IT Management is no longer a small management system operating in Silo by a group of professionals that are primarily technical administrators & experts. With more and more organizations migrating to IT enabled business process management systems, the components & building blocks of IT Infrastructure & Applications have gradually achieved the critically of being the most valuable assets of the organization but least understood from the governance perspective. In this context the organizations having high dependence on IT enabled business processes need to practice an effective IT Risk Management system to comply with regulatory requirements and manage the business dependence on IT effectively. Hence, it is mandatory in the modern business era that IT Management & Governance becomes the responsibility of the executive management and the board of directors of an organization. The advantages of having strong & well managed IT